Warp, Weft, and Customs


New to handwovens? Great! You are in the right place. Let’s go over some the basics, specifically, what the difference is between warp and weft, and a full custom and semi-custom.


The warp, is the threads that are beamed onto the loom.

Above, is a newly beamed warp. The warp threads run the LENGTH of your wrap or fabric, and the weft runs the WIDTH.

Below is a birds-eye view of my loom.

Now let’s focus on the weft. The weft can be a completely different fibre and colour from the warp.


Here is a freshly dyed weft, ready for weaving.


The weft then gets wound onto a pirn and loaded into my shuttle.

Here it passes back and forth through the open shed of the warp.


And beat into place, creating beautiful woven fabric.